Road Access for Disabled Americans

Road access for disabled American logo

new item graphic = new, less new item graphic = less new, least new item graphic = least new

Slowdown to Emergency Response

Disabled people are often dependent upon, and aware of their dependence upon, prompt response during both fire and medical emergencies. In cities where the impact of traffic calming on emergency response is carefully evaluated, the studies show an increased response time.

new item graphicSpeed Humps = Greater Risk

"Speed trapped", Orlando Weekly, Jeffrey C. Billman, August 17-23, 2000

"...the 259-page master's thesis recently written by Austin, Texas, Assistant Fire Cheif Les Bunte. In "Traffic Calming Programs and Emergency Response: A Competition of Two Public Goods," the 27-year firefighting veteran makes a startling observation."

"Using a detailed formula developed by Boulder, Colo., scientist Ray Bowman, Bunte determined that in Austin, at least 37 people would die because of slower emergency response time for every one life saved by slower traffic. Since Bunte took into account only deaths from sudden cardiac arrest - and not from delayed fire response or any other condition - that number could be higher."

[RADA: Viewing the manuscript file requires Adobe Acrobat Reader. The manuscript file is 1.27 MB.
The text of Chapter 5, Civil Liability Issues is available in HTML format.
The link to Ray Bowman's analysis is given below.]

IAFC members -
To obtain a copy of the report referred to in "On Scene", email

Canadian Fire Fighters Oppose Devices

Negative Impact on Emergency Services

Negative Impact on Ambulance Service

Negative Impact on Fire Department Response

Timeline for fire response showing time required for dispatch
and travel as well as elapsed time for brain damage and flashover

Access | Engineering

© Rada Project, 1998
July 4, 1998 / last update: September 12, 2000 (Version 1.l)